Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a country in Europe. While still named the "Swiss Confederation" for historical reasons, modern Switzerland is a federal directorial republic consisting of 26 cantons, with Bern as the seat of the federal authorities, called Bundesstadt ("federal city").The country is situated in Western and Central Europe, and is bordered by Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east.Switzerland is a landlocked country geographically divided between the Alps, the Swiss Plateau and the Jura, spanning an area of 41,285 km2 (15,940 sq mi).While the Alps occupy the greater part of the territory, the Swiss population of approximately 8 million people is concentrated mostly on the Plateau, where the largest cities are to be found: among them are the two global and economic centres, Zürich and Geneva.The establishment of the Swiss Confederation is traditionally dated to 1 August 1291, which is celebrated annually as the Swiss National Day.In addition to being the birthplace of the Red Cross, Switzerland is home to numerous international organizations, including the second largest UN office.
Three of Europe's major languages are official in Switzerland. Swiss culture is characterised by diversity, which is reflected in a wide range of traditional customs. A region may be in some ways strongly culturally connected to the neighbouring country that shares its language, the country itself being rooted in western European culture.Switzerland is home to many notable contributors to literature, art, architecture, music and sciences.Among the most important cultural performances held annually are the Paléo Festival, Lucerne Festival, the Montreux Jazz Festival and the Locarno International Film Festival.In Switzerland it is mostly expressed in music, dance, poetry, wood carving and embroidery.The Swiss are the world's largest consumers of chocolate.Switzerland is famous for Swiss Watches, Swiss Knives, Chocolates, Souvenirs etc.